The Jewish monument in Barneveld commemorates more than 650 prominent Jewish Dutchmen, also known as the Barneveld group. The Germans exempted them from forced labour and deportation. From December 1942 they were housed in castle ‘De Schaffelaar’ and villa ‘De Biezen’ in Barneveld. This was done within the framework of the ‘Plan Frederiks’. On 29 September 1943, this group was deported to camp Westerbork, from where they were taken to Theresienstadt. A total of 632 Jews of the Barneveld group survived the war.